Journal of King Abdulaziz Waqf Libraries Assembly- The first issue

The first issue- Journal of King Abdulaziz Waqf Libraries Assembly- The first year- Dhul Qidah 1444AH- June 2023


Researches and Articles

The Historical Knowledge Structure of the Emergence of Waqf Libraries in the Country of the Two Holy Mosques (Saudi Arabia)

Main Author:

Prof. Abbas Saleh Tashkandi

Abstract:

The study traces in a direct and brief manner several issues that dealt with the precursors and the knowledge structure of the emergence of waqf libraries Makkah and Madinah. Where reference is made to the movement of writing and copying and the division of generations that have passed since the history of the writing of knowledge is traced, in a manner consistent with the development of Islamic science politics and society in addition to the reference to the emergence of the primary tools for the manufacture of books and writings and related terminologies and the use of book containers or treasuries and the efforts of the the companions since the time of the prophet and the pledges of the caliphs in Makkah Al-Mukarramah and Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, with scientific writings in several subject areas to form the first fruits of the written Islamic heritage and among the sciences and preceded their appearance in Makkah and Madinah. The paper emphasized that treasury or early manuscript library was one of the first libraries in the early days of Islam. The study showed that Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah and Makkah Al-Mukarramah were famous for some treasuries during the era of the Prophethood and the Caliphate, and then the followers and generations of scholars in the early days of Islam and beyond. The generation of early Islam and then other generations of scholars in Makkah Al-Mukarramah and Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah followed cared about science, writing and blogging and collecting sources in their bookcases until the role was filled with private treasuries and many private treasuries stood on places of worship such as the Two Holy Mosques mosques and on the role of science such as schools and the role of housing such as Rubat and others.

Keywords:

Al-Waqfiyyah libraries,/ libraries in Makkah Al-Mukarramah,/ libraries in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah.

Chinese efforts in writing the Holy Quran

Main Author:

Prof. Yahya Mahmood bin Jonaid

Abstract:

When reviewing the few available literature that dealt with the topic, we find a discrepancy in determining the period of time in which the Chinese learned Arabic writing, and the region from which it was launched. Some people claim that the Chinese Arabic calligraphy originated in the cities of southern China, such as: Quanzhou and Hengzu, brought by Arab merchants in the seventh century AD, and this opinion is not supported by any evidence or dated inscriptions, and therefore it is a hypothesis that needs to be proven by cleared evidence. Another opinion says: the spread of Islam in China was through the Silk Road that passes through the cities of Central Asia to China, and its influence did not appear clearly except during the Mongolian era in the thirteenth century AD (seventh AH), which means that the spread of Arabic writing came through this way, then the study proceeded, moving between references, examples, references, and samples until it concluded with the result claimed that the Chinese Mushaf was distinguished by a font that was unique to the Chinese scribes, its entirety look like the Naskh style of calligraphy : Perhaps this type of calligraphy was derived from the Arabic script that was used in Central Asia, and it is an opinion that is closer to the truth because of the region’s proximity to China, and the existence of a close relationship between Chinese Muslims and Central Asian Muslims, this style is found in Quranic paintings by Chinese calligraphers, the most famous of whom is Hajj Nuruddeen, on the other hand, as for the decoration, it is of two types, the first: Copied from decorative forms in the Qur’ans written within the regions of the Islamic world, which are usually framed with an ornament derived from Arabic inscriptions with elements of Chinese traditional decoration, and the second: A complete Chinese decoration that is not comparable to the usual forms of decoration in the Qur’ans. copied in the regions of the Islamic contries, and the decoration that was used in the Qur’an that was copied by the Amatullah bint Rashid is the most prominent example of it.

Keywords:

Efforts, Chinese, Al-Mushaf, The Holy

Evaluation of using of natural materials in the restoration and maintenance of archaeological manuscripts -Empirical study-

Main Author:

Prof. Mohammed Abdullah Marouf

Abstract:

Ancient Arabic manuscripts are one of the most important national treasures in the Arabic libraries. Hence, Conservation them through restoration, preservation, and permanent maintenance is a task that preoccupies the minds of those in charge of libraries and restoration scholars. They take it upon themselves to research, examine, and analyze to choose the most appropriate materials that can be used in restoring and preserving manuscripts for the longest possible period in order to protect the various sciences they contain, and preserve the material of the manuscript itself. As an invaluable historical and archaeological value. Recently, Conservators and researchers have begun to search for natural materials that can be used for this purpose as environmentally friendly materials that do not result in any other collateral damage, especially after many industrial compounds have proven harmful, which may cause damage to manuscripts, or cause health problems. For those who deal with these manuscripts. These materials may be used as natural colorants for the paper used to restore and complete the missing areas of the old manuscript, or to sterilize and treat the old manuscripts from the effect of biological or microbiological damage. The importance of this study comes in Experimenting and evaluating the use of some natural materials that lead to this goal, such as Turmeric Curcuma Tinctoria, Henna Lawsonia inermis L., and Indian Cutch Acacia catechu, as color additives with the paper pulp used in the restoration and completion of the old manuscript. In addition, the extract of the pomegranate peel, The Rind of Pomegranate Pouica Granatum L, and the fruit of bitter melon Citrullus colocynthis were used as natural (environmentally friendly) antibiotics to protect the manuscript from biological and microbiological infections. Where the preliminary results of the study showed the efficiency of the mentioned natural materials, whether as natural color additives for the hand-made paper used in the restoration or as sterilization materials to protect the manuscripts from biological and microbiological deterioration, which were presented in this study.

Keywords:

Materials, Natural, Archeology, Manuscripts, Restoration

Attribution of the Verse-Count for the Qurʼān [Manuscript] no. 1779 at the King Abdulaziz Complex for Endowment Libraries to One of the Standard Verse-Counting Systems An Inductive Comparative Study

Main Author:

Dr. Basheer Hassan Alhemyari

Abstract:

Title: Verse-Count Attribution for the Qurʼān [Manuscript] no. 1779 at the King Abdulaziz Complex for Endowment Libraries to One of the Standard Verse-Counting Systems: An Inductive Comparative Study. Purpose: The study aims to reveal the verse-count canon adopted in this manuscript. Methodology: The research uses an inductive methodology to reveal all end of verse locations at this Qurʼān. Then compares these positions with the traditional literature on verse-counting to reveal the verse-count canon. Findings: The study revealed that the manuscript uses the Second Madīnah Count. It also showed how it uses distinct verse markers for each verse, a group of five verse, and for a group of ten verses. Then it shows the consistency in using these verse markers. Originality: The study showed the conformity of Qurʼānic manuscript scribers to the prevalent rules in their for Qurʼānic orthography, letter-dotting, and verse-counting in their areas.

Keywords:

Verse\ Counting\ Early\ Qurʼānic Manuscripts\ Verses\ Verse\ Markers

Some of the problems of reading manuscripts and the means of overcoming them

Main Author:

Prof. Salah Muhammad Jarra

Abstract:

This paper attempts to shed light on some problems and difficulties facing the manuscript reader and investigator and suggests the means of addressing these concerns and problems. The difficulties that the manuscript reader faces emerge from different sources, some are related to the state of manuscript itself, such as the uncertainty of some words or letters due to overlapping between them , obliteration of some parts of the text due to its exposure to humidity, and the overlapping between margins and the original text other problems are related to the copies of the manuscript such as the multiplicity of copies and their spread in many libraries all over the world with some difficulties in obtaining them, on the contrary the lack of copies is another problem where the scholar is obliged to depend on one spoiled copy and cannot compare it with other copies some problems are related to the scholar himself, such as his lack of acquaintance in the requirements and conditions of manuscript investigating, or the lack of his acquaintance in the previous editions of the manuscript in the light of these problems and difficulties this study suggests some means of overcoming them. It is suggested the manuscript editor or reader should get familiar with the authors styles of expression and the characteristics of the letters used by the script writer. This study sees that the manuscript editor carries out double effort, since he needs to practice scientific work and additional specific skills of manuscript investigating.

Keywords:

Manuscripts, Manuscript,reading, Investigation, Problems, of, Manuscript reading.

Some of the problems of reading manuscripts and the means of overcoming them

Main Author:

Prof. . Omar Abdullah Al-Fajawi

Co-authors:

Prof. Reem Farhan Odeh Al-Maaytah

Abstract:

This research deals with a difficult issue, which is the investigating the manuscript that has a single copy, and the problems surrounding this investigation, Therefore, we will discuss on three matters, the first of which is the awareness of the investigator and his knowledge, and the second: the confusion of the author’s name and the attribution of the book to him, and the third: the certainty in writing the text and the attribution of sayings to their authors and their sources. We concluded that the investigator of the manuscript that has a single copy should be flexible and patient, and that he has to carefully concern about the editing of the texts, especially the texts that are related to the Shari`a, and that he has to correct the scientific errors in the footnote, if they contained in the text.

Keywords:

Investigation, Manuscript, Problems, Solutions

The dictionary of "Al-Ubabuz-Zakher Wal-Lubabul-Fakher" written by the great scholar Al-Hassan bin Muhammad Al-Saghani, who demised in the year (650 AH).

Main Author:

Prof. Turki Sahou Al-Otaibi

The first issue